A circular economy is a restorative and regenerative system in which resource input and waste, emission, and energy leakage are minimized by slowing, closing, and narrowing material and energy loops. This can be achieved by redefining products and services to design waste out, while minimizing negative impacts – such as long-lasting design, maintenance, repair, reuse, re-manufacturing, refurbishing, and recycling. Underpinned by a transition to renewable energy sources, the circular model builds economic, natural and social capital. This is contrast to a linear economy which is a ‘take, make, dispose’ model of production. (1)


CLICK HERE to see an interactive infographics (2) explaining

the circular economy per opposition to the linear economy.




The 20 minutes video ‘The Story of stuff” (watched more than 4.000.000 times!)

explained in a clear and entertaining way the problem with our current linear economy.




Below (3) you will find another schema explaining the concept of circular economy in a very visual manner.



  1.  Wikipedia + Ellen McArthur Foundation
  2.  European Parliamentary Research Service
  3. Philips USA