On July the 4th , we shared with the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism an in-depth analysis and recommendations report on the issue of plastic bags in Montenegro, that we wrote with the support of legislation experts. You can find below a summary or download our full report underneath. This report is being made available to the public for non-commercial use – please ask written permission for using it partially or fully and mention Zero Waste Montenegro in the references and copyrights.
From: Olga Sanina <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Sent: 04 July 2018 13:36
To: Igor xxxxxx <email@example.com>; Anja xxxxx <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Cc: Dragan xxxxxxx<email@example.com>;
Subject: Minutes and agreements of the meeting on 3 key topics
Dear Igor and Anja,
It was pleasure to meet you and discuss the main topics of our collaboration.
In keeping our agreement sharing with you minutes and main conclusions on 3 key discussed issues.
1.Reduction of single-use plastic waste.
PROBLEM 1: STOP FUTURE LITTERING OF SINGLE-USED PLASTIC (S.U.P.)
During the meeting was discussed work on the project of the new waste law which will include regulations on single-used plastic bags:
As promised attached you can find documents for our in-depth comparative analysis (in En and Mne languages).
We would like to emphasize especially on 4 points that we believe are key to implement a successful plastic bags regulation law, based on the experiences of a number of countries:
- Taxing bags is the first step but the ultimate goal should remain a full ban: all countries are moving into that direction at a fast pace, Montenegro needs to set the standard for the Balkans. (ex: Greece) Our proposal: a progressive ban:
- taxation for ex. 0.15 to 0.20€ on year 1
- 25 to 0.30€ for ex. on year 2
- full ban on year 3
- Tax need to be implemented on all bags, as consumers don’t make difference between thickness of bags (50 microns, 15 microns, etc) and consumers/retailers will start using non-taxed plastic bags as replacement if not taxed. Taxes should be high enough to deter consumers from purchasing too many plastic bags (counter-ex: Ireland).
- To avoid bad alternatives to plastic bags to be adopted (with a worse impact on the environment, see Life Cycle Analysis per type), replacement of current bags types need to be defined in the law. (counter-ex: Morocco) We recommend:
- Year 1: full ban on oxo-degradable plastic bags
- Year 2: replacement of all bags by bio-based and home-compostable (EN13432 certified)
- Year 3: full ban
- Taxes collected could be used to implement a national deposit scheme for plastic and glass bottles and/or to distribute subsidies to companies producing reusable bags in Montenegro.
We are available if you wish to discuss further our proposal.